1857, the year Baudelaire published Les Fleurs du Mal and Balzac Madame Bovary, marked the beginning of modernism with fundamental changes in literary style and writing. Further turmoil would soon follow with Wagner and Nietzsche. In the 1880s, the trend was confirmed with Russian novelists Tolstoy and Dostoyevsky, playwrights Ibsen and Strindberg, and French poets Verlaine, Rimbaud and Mallarmé. In the 20th century followed Cendrars, Apollinaire, Proust, Freud, Kafka, Joyce, Musil and Celine, as well as the American novelists Melville, Dos Passos, Faulkner and Hemingway. And last, but not least, Borges. The Foundation recently acquired a number of editions and autograph manuscripts.