Greece and Rome are an important part of the collection, as reflected in the remarkable display of objects, sculptures, medieval manuscripts and incunabula. Epic poetry is represented from Homer to Virgil. Horace, Virgil and Ovid, the three great masters of Latin poetry, were continuously read throughout the Middle Ages.
Early printing focused first on Cicero. Printers in Florence and Venice (Aldus Manutius) also produced first editions of Homer, Aristotle and Euripides. Plato and Aristotle played a major role in philosophy. Whereas Plato reached prominence in the Quattrocento, Aristotle’s logic, passed on by the Arabs, left its imprint on medieval thinking.
History is well represented with works by many authors including Herodotus, Thucydides and Livy as well as the Romuleon. The collection also houses fables by Aesop and medical treatises by Hippocrates.